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Reproductives that are darker in color to other castes, have functional eyes and strong skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of colonies.
The temperature, food grade, and activity of this colony will determine how long it takes for a termite.
Nests and tunnels are stored moist because employee termites cannot stand low humidity for long periods of time. The temperature within the nursery of a nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but varies more than one degree every day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.
It's important to properly identify the type of pest infestation prior to beginning treatment. This will allow you to understand the habits of this colony, find the nest and indicate the most appropriate method of control.
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Species are best identified by their own soldier termites, which has the most prominent features.
These termites are widely distributed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of irreparable harm to buildings.
Coptotermes soldiers have brownjaws. They measure 3.56.5 mm in length. When disturbed, these soldiers yank a white, rubbery glue-like substance out of their pear-shaped heads.
Coptotermes construct nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cavities or enclosed verandahs.
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These termites traveling at least 50 metres in the colony using a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send large numbers to new food resources and, thus, respond strongly to lure. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi explore broadly for new food sources and feed at numerous points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dim, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are up to 1m in diameter.
This is species of termite, occasionally called termite. They are usually found nesting in large pieces of timber (especially older trees) and are most common in moist, mountainous areas. They may, however, also be found in the dry foothills of Melbourne.
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Porotermes tend to live in smaller colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or traveling much underground. They're more readily controlled than other species.
A colony of Schedorhinotermes will have two distinct sizes of soldiers, referred to as major and minor soldiers. Important soldiers grow up to 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. Both kinds of soldier have mandibles.
Schedorhinotermes are harmful and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
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Heterotermes are distributed throughout Australia. Howeverthey are only a pest species in the Northern Territory.
The soldiers of the species are up to 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
Heterotermes reside in small colonies that attack fence posts, wood flooring, and paling fences within a small radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on small timbers on the ground surface.
Dusts work to control termites because they ingest and distribute the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
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Insect growth-regulator dusts (such as Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the safest methods of termite dust control to the human consumer.
Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of oxide or another colourant. But, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly poisonous elemental pesticide More hints that does not degrade.
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Baiting is often the ideal way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest site cannot be found. Bait stations also let you collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials like wood, paper or cellulose gel which are either buried in the ground near the building under assault or carefully placed inside near known harm.
Bait generally utilize slow-acting, non-detectable toxins in order that the nearly whole colony can be poisoned before adverse effects arise. Repellent termiticide formulations like those of pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care must be taken not to cross contaminate baits with even tiny residues of pesticides.
Baiting does not supply a practical barrier. The baits do not isolate the building since termites are still able to access the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are favored.
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Chemical barriers work by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the outside of an infested structure. This creates a zone or band of soil that the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier may involve trenching around the foundations of the construction, and injecting the chemical into the soil through link holes drilled in concrete foundations.